General education system
General education in Georgia is regulated by the laws of Georgia: "On General Education" and "On Education Quality Enhancement"; Operating national curriculum and other subordinate acts.
Full general education includes 12 years and is carried out in three levels (primary, basic, secondary). Primary education includes 6 years and is implemented in I-VI classes; Basic education includes 3 years, implemented in VII-IX grades; Secondary education includes 3 years, is carried out in X-XII grades. Primary and basic education is mandatory.
The general education institution can be both public and private legal entity.
Education in general educational institutions is carried out in accordance with National Curriculum, which is developed by the National Curriculum Department of the Ministry of Education and Science.
After completing basic education, the student receives basic education certificate (Atestat).
After completing full general education, the student receives full general education Certificate (Atestat).
Attestation exams are conducted by the LEPL - National Assessment and Examination Center. Attestation exams are conducted by computerized testing method (CAT).
The person who completes full general education and receives the certificate (Atestat) has the right to continue learning in higher education institution.
The person who completes the Basic education has the right to continue studies on the Secondary education level of the General Education or at the initial level of vocational education
General education is fully funded by the State with the voucher applicable to a financial norm for a student.
According to the data of April 2018, 2085 public and 224 private schools are functioning in Georgia.
Vocational education system
Vocational education in Georgia is regulated by the Laws of Georgia: on "Vocational Education"; "Enhancement of Quality of Education" and other sub-legislative acts.
Vocational educational institutions are:
A) Vocational College - a vocational education institution that implements only the first three levels of VET programs;
B) Community College - a vocational education institution that implements all the levels of VET programs, as well as secondary general preparatory education, Georgian language education and liberal arts education programs.
C) General education institution authorized to carry out the first three levels of VET programs;
D) Higher education institution authorized to carry out VET programs of all levels.
Vocational education institution can be both public and private legal entity.
There are five qualifications of vocational education in Georgia.
At present vocational education programs are implemented on the third, fourth and fifth levels of vocational education.
The basis for developing a vocational education program is the vocational educational standard.
The level of specific vocational educational program is determined by the vocational educational standard, which also defines the qualifications awarded.
Prerequisite for admission to the third level vocational education programs is the basic level certificate (Atestat) of General Education; professional testing and depending on the specifics of the profession, additional conditions defined by the vocational educational standards.
The prerequisite for admission to the fourth and fifth levels of vocational educational programs is the General Education Certificate (Atestat)
After completing each level of vocational education the vocational diploma of the relevant level will be issued.
Vocational education programs and individual components are calculated with credits.
According to the data of April 2018, 23 public and 43 private vocational institutions are functioning in Georgia.
Higher education system
Higher education in Georgia is regulated by the Laws on Higher Education; "Enhancement of Quality of Education" and other sub-legislative acts.
Georgia has the three-cycle higher education system and is implemented on the bachelor, master and doctoral levels of higher education.
The types of higher education institutions in Georgia are as follows:
University – higher education institution implementing educational programs of all three cycles of higher education and research.
Teaching University – Higher education institution implementing program/ programs of higher education (except for doctoral programs). A teaching university is required to provide second cycle – Master’s educational program/ programs.
College – higher education institution implementing the programs of only the first cycle of higher academic education
A higher education institution can be both public and private legal entity.
Only after accreditation procedures can be implemented regulated, teacher preparation, Georgian language education and doctoral programs.
Higher education institutions use the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ESTC).
Only holders of state certificates (Atestat) confirming full general education or persons equalized with them, have a right to study in a bachelor programs. Unified national exams are the prerequisites for obtaining a bachelor's degree program. Bachelor's educational program includes at least 240 credits.
Within the bachelor level, awarding an intermediate qualification is allowed after reaching of results in studying, defined for completing a part of educational program which should not be less than half of credit number defined for educational program.
The Teacher Education Program is an independent educational program and is taught at least one academic year, comprising 60 credits. After completion of program The Certificate of subject or subject group Teacher is issued. The prerequisite for admission to the program is the bachelor's degree or equivalent degree and subject examination organized by the National Assessment and Examinations Center.
The Veterinary training education program is an independent educational program and is taught at least one academic year, comprising 60 credits. The prerequisite for admission to the program is the bachelor's degree of veterinary. After completion of the program the veterinary certificate will be issued. The holder of veterinary certificate can continue to pursue studies in the third level of higher education (doctorate) in the appropriate direction.
Teacher education, medical education, dental and veterinary education is implemented through integrated master’s programs.
Medical Doctor’s (MD) Educational Program is 360-credit and Dentist / Veterinary / Teacher education programs are 300-credit.
Educational program of second level of teaching (master) consists of no less than 120 credits. Only bachelors or persons with degrees equalized with them have a right to study in a master programs. Unified Master exams are the prerequisites for obtaining a master’s degree program. The additional conditions of acceptance shall be determined by the higher education institution.
Third level of high education (doctorate) program consists of no less than 180 credits. Only masters or persons with degrees equalized with them, have a right to study in doctoral programs.
According to the data of April 2018, 34 public and 37 private higher education institutions function in Georgia.