Key Documents of Bologna Process
In 2001, the Prague Communiqué was adopted, which sets guidelines for the next two years. In 2001, new countries joined the Bologna process: Croatia, Cyprus, Liechtenstein and Turkey.
It is very important to stress that the Prague Summit introduced several new elements in the Process:
• Students were recognized as full and equal partners in the decision making process and ESIB became a consultative member of the Bologna follow-up group (together with the Council of Europe, European University Association and EURASHE)
• The social dimension of the Bologna Process was stressed.
• The idea that higher education is a public good and a public responsibility was highlighted.
The European Commission supported several European projects (the Tuning project, the Teep project) connected to quality assurance.
Berlin Communiqué 2003
At the Berlin Ministerial Conference in September 2003, seven new countries were accepted into the process (Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Holy See, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro and “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”). Thus, the total number of countries involved increased to 40. It was also decided that all countries of the European Cultural Convention are eligible to take part in the Bologna Process provided they apply for accession and submit a satisfactory plan for implementation of the Bologna goals in their higher education systems. Apart from taking note of the developments from 2001 to 2003 and setting guidelines for further work, the Berlin Communiqué also concluded.
• That research is an important part of higher education in Europe and the European Higher Education Area and the European Research Area are in fact two pillars of the knowledge based society. Furthermore, it is necessary to go beyond the focus on two main cycles and the third cycle-doctoral studies- should be included in the Bologna process.
• That in time for their 2005 meeting, Ministers will take stock of progress in these key areas:
• quality assurance;
• two-cycle system;
• recognition of degrees and periods of study
The Bologna Follow-Up Group was asked to look into issues especially:
• quality assurance-for this the mandate was given to ENQA, EUA, ESIB and EURASHE;
• framework of qualifications.
Bergen Communiqué 2005
At the Bergen Ministerial Conference in May 2005, five new countries were welcomed (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) as new participating countries in the Bologna Process bringing the total number of participating countries up to 45.
It was also decided to enlarge the circle of consultative members in Higher Education (ENQA) and the Union of Industrial and Employers Confederations of Europe (UNICE).
The Bergen meeting confirmed the shift from future plans to practical implementation, in particular, it was marked by:
• the adoption of an overarching framework of qualification for the European Higher Education Area and with a commitment to elaborating national qualifications frameworks by 2010- as well as to having launched work by 2007;
• the adoption of guidelines and standards for quality assurance and the request that ENQA, the EUA, EURASHE and ESIB elaborate further proposals concerning the suggested register of quality assurance agencies;
• to improve communication with the European Higher Education Area and other parts of the World.
• the growing importance of addressing development of the European Higher Education Area beyond 2010.
London Communiqué 2007
In London in May 2007, Montenegro was welcomed to the Bologna Process and bringing the number of participating countries to 46. In London, Ministers also:
• adopted a strategy for the Bologna process in a Global Context;
• Considered reports on: the social dimension of the Bologna Process and mobility, portability of grants and loans; qualifications frameworks, and European Register of quality assurance agencies.
Leuven/Louvain-la-Nerve Communiqué 2009
On April 2009, the Ministerial conference was held in Leuven/Louvain-la-Nerve. Ministers considered reports on:
• Qualifications Frameworks;
• Synthesis of National Qualifications Frameworks;
• Adopted the Leuven/Louvain-la-Nerve Communiqué.
On 29 April, the first Bologna Policy Forum gathered high ranking representatives of Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Egypt, Ethiopia, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Tunisia, USA, along with the International Association of Universities. In the statement adopted by the meeting, participants underlined the importance of developing cooperation on a range of policy issues.
Budapest- Vienna Declaration 2010
In 2010, Kazakhstan was welcomed as a new participating country in the Bologna Process.
Yerevan Communique 2015
In 2015, Belarus was welcomed as a new participating country in the Bologna Process and the Bologna Follow-up Group is to report on the implementation of the roadmap for Belarus.
Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area